Our first stop of the day is at Þingvellir National Parliament Park, a site of great importance to Icelanders, as it is here that the country‘s first democratic parliament was founded over a thousand years ago. It the oldest parliament in the world. It is also the place where the tectonic plates of Europe and America are causing the landscape to be torn with deep crevasses and canyons. It is surrounded by lava that burst forward when the crust gave way to the power that moves underneath. The next stop of the day is at Kerið Crater before moving on to Sólheimar eco village where we get a guided tour around the village and get to know its history and purpose. Solheimar is a world- renowned sustainable community known for its artistic and ecological atmosphere where about 100 people live and work together. It was founded in 1930 by Sesselja Hreindís Sigmundsdóttir (1902-1974). It is a small village set out in the countryside, characterized by vegetation, open common spaces and buildings that nicely co-exist with the landscape. From here we go to the Friðheimar greenhouse which uses geothermal heating, and have a guided tour by the owners. The greenhouse is run by a husband (an agronomist), wife (a horticulturist) and their 5 young children. We get to taste their world-famous tomato soup, which is made from their own produce. They also run a stable where you can get up close and personal with the sturdy Icelandic horse.
After, we head to the Haukadalur valley, filled with sagas and history, but also the home of the geysers. The king is the massive hot spring Great Geysir, and then there is the crown prince, Strokkur. Strokkur erupts every five to ten minutes and reaches a height of 30 m (98 ft), though it has been known to hurl water up to 60 m (196 ft) up! We then proceed to the powerful waterfall Gullfoss. Known as the Golden Waterfall, this well over 30 m (96 ft) high, two-tiered waterfall hurls glacial water from the river Hvítá with such extreme power that those standing too close are drenched with the water as droplets fly back up and over the rocks on the edge. Overnight in Flúðir area.